Firefighter Cancer Awareness Month 2023


January is Firefighter Cancer Awareness Month. According to the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF), occupational cancer among these professionals is the leading cause of death in the field. In fact, firefighters are twice as likely as the general population to develop certain types of cancer.

During the month of January, firefighters and their family and loved ones are urged to learn about their cancer risks and take steps to protect themselves.

Firefighters and the Risk of Cancer

Both civilian and military firefighters are at risk of developing cancer. In fact, the IAFF notes that nearly 75% of the fallen firefighters added to the Fallen Fire Fighter Memorial in 2022 died from occupational cancer.

Firefighters are at an increased risk of cancer because they are more likely to be exposed to a variety of different hazardous substances on the job.

Hazardous materials at fire sites can often include:

  • Asbestos
  • Firefighting foam
  • Other dangerous chemicals found in soot and smoke

“Pinpointing the exact cause of cancer is extremely difficult because firefighters are not exposed to just one agent. They are exposed to multiple cancer-causing agents. Because of the multiple exposures and the multiple routes of exposure…it is also highly unlikely for firefighters to get only one type of cancer.”
– Dr. Grace LeMasters, Occupational and Environmental Epidemiologist

Firefighter Cancer Awareness Month is an important time for the brave men and women who fight fires to learn about firefighter cancer risks and protect themselves.

Firefighting Foam and Cancer

Firefighters often have to work with aqueous film-forming foam (AFFF) — more commonly known as firefighting foam — to put out high-intensity fires. This foam contains dangerous chemicals known as perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS).

PFAS can build up in the body over time and cause many types of cancer and other serious health conditions, including:

  • Bladder cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Colorectal cancer (colon and/or rectal cancer)
  • Leukemia
  • Liver cancer
  • Lymphoma
  • Ovarian cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Prostate cancer
  • Renal or kidney cancer
  • Testicular cancer
  • Thyroid cancer and disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Uterine or endometrial cancer

Despite these risks, the U.S. military mandated the use of firefighting foam beginning in the 1960s. Firefighting foam is still used by military firefighters today, though there are plans to phase it out by 2024.

For more than 40 years, Sokolove Law has helped thousands of victims who developed a disease through no fault of their own. This includes the brave firefighters who put their lives on the line at work.

Contact us now if you or a loved one was harmed by firefighting foam. You may be eligible to receive PFAS compensation from a lawsuit that can help pay for treatment and support your family.

Firefighters and Mesothelioma

One of the most dangerous substances firefighters may be exposed to is asbestos. This naturally occurring mineral was heavily relied upon in construction due to its fireproof qualities.

Asbestos is linked with several forms of incurable cancer, including mesothelioma, which is a rare and aggressive cancer that develops in the lining of the lungs or abdomen.

An alarming study conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) discovered that firefighter cancer rates were higher for all cancers combined. The study also showed a far higher incidence of certain types of cancers, such as mesothelioma.

“The population of firefighters in the study had a rate of mesothelioma two times greater than the rate in the U.S. population as a whole.”
– Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Because asbestos only becomes harmful if disturbed, it can be particularly dangerous to firefighters, who are unlikely to have advance notice of when a building might contain asbestos. This makes it virtually impossible to take precautions to prevent exposure to the deadly mineral.

While it is no longer widely used in construction, asbestos poses a threat to this day since many older structures still contain the material. This includes many residential, business, and municipal buildings, along with U.S. Navy ships and shipyards.

If you or a loved one was diagnosed with mesothelioma after working as a firefighter, contact Sokolove Law today to learn more about your legal rights.

How Firefighters Can Reduce Their Risks of Cancer

Firefighters can reduce the risks of cancer by following proper cancer prevention protocols, such as:

  • Cleaning suits and equipment upon returning to the station to remove toxic chemicals
  • Getting routinely screened for cancers like mesothelioma — early detection allows for more treatment options
  • Wearing protective gear like personal protective equipment (PPE) and self-contained breathing apparatuses (SCBAs)

Generally, the best way for firefighters to reduce their cancer risk is to become educated on making the best choices at work and at home. With sound work practices, firefighters may be able to reduce their exposure to hazardous substances.

Ways to Participate in Firefighter Cancer Awareness Month

Firefighter Cancer Awareness Month is a great time to support those who risk their lives fighting fires.

This Firefighter Cancer Awareness Month, consider getting involved by:

  • Contacting policymakers in support of presumptive disability benefits for firefighters with occupational cancer
  • Donating to cancer research organizations like the Mesothelioma Research Foundation or others
  • Participating in training programs
  • Practicing prevention by listening to survivor stores
  • Spreading the word on social media with the hashtags #FFCancerMonth or #ExtinguishCancer

Additionally, many firefighters and their families impacted by occupational cancers might not know they may be eligible for compensation — compensation that can help pay for treatment.

To learn more about the legal rights of firefighter occupational cancer victims, contact Sokolove Law today by calling (800) 995-1212.

Sokolove Law Team

Contributing Authors

The Sokolove Law Content Team is made up of writers, editors, and journalists. We work with case managers and attorneys to keep site information up to date and accurate. Our site has a wealth of resources available for victims of wrongdoing and their families.

Last modified: February 3, 2023

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Firefighter cancer awareness.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “NIOSH Study of Firefighters Finds Increased Rates of Cancer.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  3. Firefighter Cancer Support Network. “Firefighter cancer awareness month.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  4. First Responder Center for Excellence. “Cancer Risk Among Firefighters: A Review and Meta-analysis of 32 Studies.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  5. International Association of Fire Fighters. (2022, January 11). “January Is Fire Fighter Cancer Awareness Month.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  6. U.S. Department of Defense. “Defense Department Committed to Cleaning Up the Environment.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  7. United States Environmental Protection Agency. “Our Current Understanding of the Human Health and Environmental Risks of PFAS.” Retrieved from: Accessed on January 6, 2023.
  8. Pfaslawfirms. (2023, January 30). Official IAFF Legal Team: Helping fire fighters. PFAS Law Firms. Retrieved February 3, 2023, from